This means your healthcare provider has given it to you as part of a treatment plan. Prednisone is part of a group of drugs called corticosteroids (often called "steroids"). Other steroid drugs include prednisolone, hydrocortisone, and methylprednisolone. Prednisone can be given in different ways, including pill, injection, and inhaled. It is usually given as a pill when used after a kidney transplant, or for certain kidney disorders. Steroid drugs, such as prednisone, work by lowering the activity of the immune system. Steroids work by slowing your body’s response to disease or injury. Prednisone can help lower certain immune-related symptoms, including inflammation and swelling. Fatty liver is a nonpermanent, or reversible, condition involving the accumulation of triglycerides -- a fat molecule -- inside cells of the liver by a process called steatosis. As fats accumulate in the cell, they displace vital cell structures and eventually distort the shape of the nucleus. According to the California Pacific Medical Center, the use of prednisone -- a steroid medication -- may result in the development of fatty liver. Alcoholic and nonalcoholic comprise the two main types of fatty liver. This differentiation between alcoholic and nonalcoholic is rather appropriate, since alcohol is a major cause of fatty liver and other causes are less frequent. Regardless of cause, biopsy of the liver -- a process of acquiring a liver tissue sample -- reveals largely similar architectural deformities in the liver, but with slight differences unique to alcohol. Prednisone has many side effects, some more serious than others. Regardless, when experiencing side effects likely related to prednisone, notify a physician as soon as possible.
Prednisone is used for many different autoimmune diseases and inflammatory conditions, including: asthma, COPD, CIDP, rheumatic disorders, allergic disorders, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, adrenocortical insufficiency, hypercalcemia due to cancer, thyroiditis, laryngitis, severe tuberculosis, urticaria (hives), lipid pneumonitis, pericarditis, multiple sclerosis, nephrotic syndrome, sarcoidosis, to relieve the effects of shingles, lupus, myasthenia gravis, poison oak exposure, Ménière's disease, autoimmune hepatitis, giant-cell arteritis, the Herxheimer reaction that is common during the treatment of syphilis, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, uveitis, and as part of a drug regimen to prevent rejection after organ transplant. It is important in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and other hormone-sensitive tumors, in combination with other anticancer drugs. Prednisone can be used in the treatment of decompensated heart failure to increase renal responsiveness to diuretics, especially in heart failure patients with refractory diuretic resistance with large dose of loop diuretics. In terms of the mechanism of action for this purpose: prednisone, a glucocorticoid, can improve renal responsiveness to atrial natriuretic peptide by increasing the density of natriuretic peptide receptor type A in the renal inner medullary collecting duct, inducing a potent diuresis. Short-term side effects, as with all glucocorticoids, include high blood glucose levels (especially in patients with diabetes mellitus or on other medications that increase blood glucose, such as tacrolimus) and mineralocorticoid effects such as fluid retention. The mineralocorticoid effects of prednisone are minor, which is why it is not used in the management of adrenal insufficiency, unless a more potent mineralocorticoid is administered concomitantly. It can also cause depression or depressive symptoms and anxiety in some individuals. The systemic availability of total prednisone and unbound prednisolone, and the urinary excretion of 6β-hydroxyprednisolone, were measured after an oral dose of prednisone and an i.v. dose of prednisolone in 22 patients covering a wide range of liver function (galactose elimination capacity ranging from 3.3 mg/min · kg body wt to 9.2 mg/min · kg body wt). The area under the plasma concentration versus time curves of prednisolone and of prednisone decreased with increasing galactose elimination capacity. This dependency of the steroid concentrations on liver function was attributed to a decreased metabolic clearance and not to an increased systemic availability of the steroid given p.o. The fractional excretion and the fractional clearance of 6β-hydroxyprednisolone declined with decreasing metabolic clearance rate of prednisolone or with decreasing galactose elimination capacity. Thus, the enzymes involved in the 6β-hydroxylation are not spared as liver function declines, and the exposure to the biologically active unbound prednisolone is increased in patients with impaired liver function in relation to the amount of prednisone or prednisolone administered.
Nov 3, 2018. The side effects of prednisone can range from mild to severe. adversely affects a medical condition, such as diabetes or liver disease. Finally. Pediatric Prednisone Deltasone® Uses and Side Effects. Liver transplant recipients use it to prevent or treat organ rejection. Prednisone may be used in low.