A new study shows that women who take antidepressants in the later stages of pregnancy are more likely to have a child with autism. The study specifies one particular group of antidepressants in particular — the SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as Prozac, Zoloft or Paxil.“Use of antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, during the second and/or third trimester increases the risk of autism spectrum disease in children, even after considering maternal depression,” Anick Berard of the University of Montreal and colleagues wrote in their report. Doctors say they are worried the findings will scare many women into stopping antidepressants, but experts were quick to note that the absolute risk is very small and very few children were diagnosed with autism. Berard’s team studied more than 145,000 children born in Quebec between 19. They found 4,700 babies, or 3 percent of the total group, whose mothers took some type of antidepressant while pregnant. Only 31 babies, or 1 percent of the group whose mothers took antidepressants in later pregnancy, were later diagnosed with autism. However, those babies were more likely to have been born to mothers who took antidepressants in the second or third trimester of pregnancy, they reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association’s JAMA Pediatrics. women took them while pregnant in 2003, the researchers said. In Canada, 4.5 percent of pregnant women took them between 20. Are too many children on the autism spectrum being given psychotropic medication as a way to manage their behavior? When a 2012 study released by the National Institute of Mental Health showed that 56 percent of children and teens on the spectrum are taking one or more meds, critics pounced. The strongest language comes from self-advocates, who deem the drugs “chemical straitjackets” used to make it easier for parents and teachers to manage challenging kids. While there is no medication that affects the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) — difficulties with communication, social interaction and restricted, repetitive behaviors — these kids are being treated for conditions often associated with autism, including anxiety, hyperactivity, and aggression. The drugs clinicians are increasingly prescribing are aimed at curbing a range of problematic and sometimes dangerous behavior patterns that include everything from sleep disorders to violent meltdowns. These episodes aren’t a toddler’s tantrums; autistic children unable to express their anger and anxiety may become so overwhelmed they put themselves and other family members at risk. Some examples: breaking glass, throwing heavy objects, biting and head-butting.
Among the many things a woman is supposed to avoid when pregnant are antidepressants, particularly a subtype of the drugs that some studies have linked to an increased risk of autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Yet the evidence linking antidepressants to autism is thin. And untreated depression is dangerous for a mother and her child. Here we explain what scientists know about the link between antidepressants and autism. Does taking antidepressants during pregnancy increase the odds that your child will have autism? Several studies have looked at the health records of thousands of women for any boost in autism rates among the children of those who took antidepressants while pregnant. Some of these studies found up to a doubling of the odds of the women having a child with autism. However, because the initial risk of autism is small, this increase still adds up to a low absolute risk. When a medication is being evaluated to modify the behavior of a person with autism, one must assess the risks versus the benefits. The benefits of the medication must outweigh the risks. Some medications can damage the nervous system and other internal organs, such as the liver. These risks are greatest in young children because an immature nervous system may be more sensitive to harmful side effects. A good general principle is that the use of powerful drugs should be avoided in young children when the risk is great. For example, it would be justified to give a young child Prozac to stop severe self-injury, but it would probably not be justified if the only effect was that it made him slightly calmer. If a medication improved language, its use would probably be recommended. The brain of a teenager or an adult is fully formed and the risk is less.
Non-medical interventions are the best choice for treating autism. serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs, such as sertraline Zoloft or fluoxetine Prozac. ของสด ราคาผัก ราคาผลไม้และราคาสินค้าเกษตร.