Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Although greater than 50 percent of women more than 25 years of age develop vulvovaginal candidiasis at some time, fewer than 5 percent of these women experience recurrences. Clinical evaluation of recurrent episodes is essential. Patients who self-diagnose may miss other causes or concurrent infections. Known etiologies of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis include treatment-resistant Candida species other than , frequent antibiotic therapy, contraceptive use, compromise of the immune system, sexual activity and hyperglycemia. If microscopic examination of vaginal secretions in a potassium hydroxide preparation is negative but clinical suspicion is high, fungal cultures should be obtained. After the acute episode has been treated, subsequent prophylaxis (maintenance therapy) is important. • Vaginal candidiasis, acute or recurrent; when local therapy is not appropriate. • Chronic oral atrophic candidiasis (denture sore mouth) if dental hygiene or topical treatment are insufficient. • Mucosal candidiasis including oropharyngeal, oesophageal candidiasis, candiduria and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. • Candidal balanitis when local therapy is not appropriate. • Dermatomycosis including tinea pedis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea versicolor and dermal candida infections when systemic therapy is indicated. • Tinea unguinium (onychomycosis) when other agents are not considered appropriate. • Relapse of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with high risk of recurrence.
QT prolongation Torsades de pointes Alopecia Anaphylactic reactions Angioedema Cholestasis Dizziness Dyspnea Hepatic failure Hepatitis Hypertriglyceridemia Hypokalemia Increased alkaline phosphatase Increased ALT/AST Jaundice Leukopenia Pallor Seizures Stevens-Johnson syndrome Taste perversion Thrombocytopenia Toxic epidermal necrolysis Hypersensitivity to other azoles Use caution in proarrhythmic conditions and renal impairment Use extreme caution or avoid in congenital long-QT patients and patients with conditions that increase QT-prolongation risk Fluconazole inhibits CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4 isoenzymes; coadministration with drugs that are substrates if these isoenzymes may be contraindicated or warrant dosage modifications Capsules contain lactose and should not be given to patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption Powder for oral suspension contains sucrose and should not be used in patients with hereditary fructose, glucose/galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase deficiency Syrup contains glycerol; may cause headache, stomach upset, and diarrhea Hepatotoxicity reported with use; use with caution in patients with hepatic impairment Rare exfoliative skin disorders reported; monitor closely if rash develops and discontinue if it progresses When driving vehicles or operating machines, it should be taken into account that dizziness or seizures may occasionally occur Candida krusei is inherently resistant Convenience and efficacy of single dose oral tablet of fluconazole regimen for the treatment of vaginal yeast infections should be weighed against acceptability of higher incidence of drug related adverse events with fluconazole (26%) versus intravaginal agents (16%) If drug is used during pregnancy or if patient becomes pregnant while taking the drug, patient should be informed of potential hazard to fetus; effective contraceptive measures should be considered in women of child-bearing potential who are being treated with 400 to 800 mg/day and should continue throughout the treatment period and for approximately 1 week (5 to 6 half-lives) after the final dose Highly selective inhibitor of fungal cytochrome P-450-dependent enzyme lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase Subsequent loss of normal sterols correlates with accumulation of 14 alpha-methyl sterols in fungi and may be responsible for the fungistatic activity of fluconazole Additive: TMP-SMX Y-site: Amphotericin B, amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate, ampicillin, calcium gluconate, cefotaxime, ceftazidime(? ), ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, chloramphenicol, clindamycin, co-trimoxazole, diazepam, digoxin, erythromycin lactobionate, furosemide, haloperidol, hydroxyzine, imipenem/cilastatin, pentamidine, piperacillin, ticarcillin, TMP-SMX Solution: D5W, LR Additive: Acyclovir, amikacin, amphotericin B, cefazolin, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, gentamicin, heparin, meropenem, metronidazole, morphine, piperacillin, potassium chloride, ranitidine with ondansetron, theophylline Y-site: Acyclovir, aldesleukin, allopurinol, amifostine, amikacin, aminophylline, amiodarone, ampicillin-sulbactam, aztreonam, benztropine, bivalirudin, cefazolin, cefepime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, cefpirome, chlorpromazine, cimetidine, cisatracurium, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, dexmedetomidine, diltiazem, diphenhydramine, dobutamine, docetaxel, dopamine, doxorubicin liposomal, droperidol, etoposide PO4, famotidine, fenoldopam, filgrastim, fludarabine, foscarnet, ganciclovir, gatifloxacin, gemcitabine, gentamicin, granisetron, heparin, hetastarch, hydrocortisone, immune globulin, leucovorin, linezolid, lorazepam, melphalan, meperidine, meropenem, metoclopramide, metronidazole, midazolam, morphine, nafcillin, nitroglycerin, ondansetron, oxacillin, paclitaxel, pancuronium, penicillin G, phenytoin, piperacillin-tazobactam, prochlorperazine, promethazine, propofol, quinupristin-dalfopristin, ranitidine, remifentanil, sargramostim, tacrolimus, teniposide, theophylline, thiotepa, ticarcillin-clavulanate, tobramycin, vancomycin, vecuronium, vinorelbine, zidovudine Tablets: Store below 86° F (30° C) Dry powder: Store below 86° F (30° C); reconstituted suspension should be stored between 86° F (30° C) and 41° F (5° C), and unused portion should be discarded after 2 weeks; protect from freezing Injection (glass bottles): Store between 86° F (30° C) and 41° F (5° C); protect from freezing Injection (Viaflex Plus plastic containers): Store between 77° F (25° C) and 41° F (5° C); protect from freezing The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information. So you think you have a yeast infection and you buy an over-the-counter (OTC) treatment, but four days later you are still very itchy/irritated/burning like crazy. First of all you need this background information: If you were right then there is a 85-90% chance that you should be better. The next step, for most women, is to call their GYNO and ask for fluconazole, known by many under the brand name Diflucan, or to retreat with a OTC topical. If you guessed correctly and aren’t better more of the same (i.e. trying fluconazole/Diflucan or another OTC medication) is not likely to be any better because the oral and topicals work in the same way. If you are not feeling better after treatment (which will happen 75% of the time just looking at the statistics) there are five possible scenarios: Put another way, if 100 women use OTC medication for vaginal yeast, 70 will have persistent symptoms because they never had yeast to begin with and 5 will still have persistent symptoms related to yeast. That means if you have persistent symptoms there is a 93% chance you never had yeast and a 7% chance that you did, but need further information to treat. The chance that more of the same will help is very slim. Other clinical pearls: A bad yeast infection can take seven days to feel a lot better, An antihistamine, like Zyrtec or Claritin, will help you feel better faster and a low dose topical steroid on the vulva (labia and vaginal opening) will also help if there is a lot of external irritation But the OTC always fails for me and the Diflucan always works! This is unlikely related to the type of medication (OTC vs prescription) and more a mechanical issue – some women place the vaginal medication too low in their vagina (if the tissues are really inflamed it can be harder to get high enough).
Fluconazole 150 mg capsules are an antifungal medication used to treat vaginal yeast infections caused by the yeast known as Candida. Each hard, white, gelatin capsule, marked with the Pfizer logo, contains fluconazole 150 mg. The recommended dose of fluconazole for vaginal. A controlled study found that concomitant fluconazole 200 mg once daily and cisapride 20 mg four times a day yielded a significant increase in cisapride plasma.