Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. What is the mechanism of action of chloroquine Figuring hydroxychloroquine dossage Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Hydroxychloroquine belongs to the family of medicines called “antimalarials” AMs, which are also classified as disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, or DMARDs. These drugs were initially used to prevent and to treat malaria but are no longer used for those purposes; more effective drugs have since been developed. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis, prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long- term disability. Taking hydroxychloroquine long-term or at high doses may cause irreversible damage to the retina of your eye. Hydroxychloroquine is also an antirheumatic medicine and is used to treat symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus. Is hydroxychloroquine a dmard Hydroxychloroquine Oral Uses, Side Effects, Interactions., Drug spotlight on hydroxychloroquine Lupus Foundation of. Plaquenil manufacturer discount couponsAntimalarial drugs plaquenilPlaquenil energy levelHydroxychloroquine efectos secundariosTongue swelling from plaquenil Mar 27, 2012 Hydroxychloroquine, as one of the milder DMARDs is generally very well tolerated and serious side effects are rare. The most common side effects are gastric – nausea and diarrhoea. This usually improves over time, and it should be taken with food to minimise these effects. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil - medications for Rheumatoid.. PATIENT FACT SHEET Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis DMARDs vs. Biologics.. Hydroxychloroquine is a quinoline medicine used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. This medicine is not effective against all strains of malaria. Hydroxychloroquine is also an antirheumatic. Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug DMARD Your doctor should order periodic blood and urine tests to check for unwanted effects. Before taking any DMARD, tell your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant. In rare cases, high doses or long-term use of hydroxychloroquine sulfate may cause changes in the central part of the eye’s retina.