It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Stop hair loss plaquenil Phototoxic reaction to plaquenil Chloroquine autophagy p62 Hydroxychloroquine teratogenicity Today, Plaquenil and other antimalarials are also used to treat and help prevent symptoms caused by certain autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis RA, systemic lupus erythematosus, and discoid lupus, even though these diseases are not caused by malaria parasites. Plaquenil belongs in a class of medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs DMARDs. From Malaria to Lupus & RA. Anecdotal reports describing improvement in lupus and rheumatoid arthritis RA by Allied soldiers on long-term quinacrine culminated in the first published report by Page in the Lancet, in 1951. 6 Following this, other papers followed, and the drugs became a mainstay in the treatment of SLE and increasingly prescribed in RA. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Today, it is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, some symptoms of lupus, childhood arthritis also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. It is not clear why hydroxychloroquine is effective at treating autoimmune. For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Ra plaquenil Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate dosing, indications., Plaquenil From Malaria Treatment to Managing Lupus, RA. Hydroxychloroquine for lupus side effectsDrusen plaquenilPlaquenil and yellow diarrheaAmerican academy of ophthalmology plaquenil screening guidelines Plaquenil is a prescription medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration FDA in 1955. Plaquenil is prescribed to treat inflammation in people with rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and other inflammatory conditions. Plaquenil is also known by its drug name, Hydroxychloroquine. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine myRAteam. PATIENT FACT SHEET Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Treating Lupus with Anti-Malarial Drugs Johns Hopkins Lupus.. Once retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine occurs, it is thought that the retinal changes are permanent and the disease can progress even if hydroxychloroquine is stopped for 1 to 3 years. Newer techniques for evaluation of retinal disease have been developed and these techniques can detect retinal toxicity earlier. Plaquenil; Descriptions. Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria. It is also used to prevent malaria infection in areas or regions where it is known that other medicines eg, chloroquine may not work. Plaquenil, widely used to treat lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory and dermatologic conditions, is very effective, and “the risk of toxicity in the first five years for someone without special risk factors is very low,” Dr. Marmor said.