Fluconazole half life

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  1. UriBatiaikinnd Well-Known Member

    Fluconazole half life


    ABSTRACT QUESTION I have a patient with persistent breast and nipple thrush. Other therapies have failed, so I have decided to treat her with a loading dose of 400 mg of oral fluconazole followed by 100 mg twice daily for at least 2 weeks. Is there any need for her to interrupt breastfeeding during this treatment? ANSWER Available data regarding fluconazole use during breastfeeding are reassuring. Fluconazole is also used in the treatment of fungal diseases in infants and has a good safety profile. Therefore, there is no need to interrupt breastfeeding when a mother is treated with fluconazole. QUESTION Une de mes patientes souffre d'une candidose aux seins et aux mamelons. • Vaginal candidiasis, acute or recurrent; when local therapy is not appropriate. • Chronic oral atrophic candidiasis (denture sore mouth) if dental hygiene or topical treatment are insufficient. • Mucosal candidiasis including oropharyngeal, oesophageal candidiasis, candiduria and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. • Candidal balanitis when local therapy is not appropriate. • Dermatomycosis including tinea pedis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea versicolor and dermal candida infections when systemic therapy is indicated. • Tinea unguinium (onychomycosis) when other agents are not considered appropriate. • Relapse of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with high risk of recurrence.

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    Fluconazole is a white crystalline solid which is slightly soluble in water and saline. Fluconazole Injection, USP is an iso-osmotic, sterile, nonpyrogenic solution of fluconazole in a sodium chloride or dextrose diluent. Each mL contains 2 mg of fluconazole and 9 mg of sodium chloride or 56 mg of dextrose, hydrous. Fluconazole is an antifungal medication used for a number of fungal infections. This includes candidiasis, blastomycosis, coccidiodomycosis, cryptococcosis. Drug Half-Life, Steady State, and Recommended Sample Collection Time Therapeutic drug monitoring TDM is commonly used to help maintain drug levels within the therapeutic window, 1, 2 the concentration range in which a drug exerts its clinical effect with minimal adverse effects for most patients.

    Adults (16 to 60 years): One capsule should be swallowed whole. Children (under 16 years): Paediatric use is not recommended. Elderly: Not recommended in patients over 60 years. Renal Impairment: There is no separate dosage schedule in patients with renal impairment for single dose therapy. Fluconazole should not be used in patients with known sensitivity to the drug, any of the inert ingredients or to related azole compounds. Coadministration of terfenadine is contraindicated in patients receiving fluconazole at multiple doses of 400mg per day or higher based upon results of a multiple dose interaction study. Coadministration of other medicinal products known to prolong the QT interval and which are metabolised via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 such as cisapride, astemizole, pimozide, quinidine and erythromycin are contraindicated in patients receiving fluconazole (see section 4.4 and 4.5). QT prolongation Torsades de pointes Alopecia Anaphylactic reactions Angioedema Cholestasis Dizziness Dyspnea Hepatic failure Hepatitis Hypertriglyceridemia Hypokalemia Increased alkaline phosphatase Increased ALT/AST Jaundice Leukopenia Pallor Seizures Stevens-Johnson syndrome Taste perversion Thrombocytopenia Toxic epidermal necrolysis Hypersensitivity to other azoles Use caution in proarrhythmic conditions and renal impairment Use extreme caution or avoid in congenital long-QT patients and patients with conditions that increase QT-prolongation risk Fluconazole inhibits CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4 isoenzymes; coadministration with drugs that are substrates if these isoenzymes may be contraindicated or warrant dosage modifications Capsules contain lactose and should not be given to patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, Lapp lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption Powder for oral suspension contains sucrose and should not be used in patients with hereditary fructose, glucose/galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase deficiency Syrup contains glycerol; may cause headache, stomach upset, and diarrhea Hepatotoxicity reported with use; use with caution in patients with hepatic impairment Rare exfoliative skin disorders reported; monitor closely if rash develops and discontinue if it progresses When driving vehicles or operating machines, it should be taken into account that dizziness or seizures may occasionally occur Candida krusei is inherently resistant Convenience and efficacy of single dose oral tablet of fluconazole regimen for the treatment of vaginal yeast infections should be weighed against acceptability of higher incidence of drug related adverse events with fluconazole (26%) versus intravaginal agents (16%) If drug is used during pregnancy or if patient becomes pregnant while taking the drug, patient should be informed of potential hazard to fetus; effective contraceptive measures should be considered in women of child-bearing potential who are being treated with 400 to 800 mg/day and should continue throughout the treatment period and for approximately 1 week (5 to 6 half-lives) after the final dose Highly selective inhibitor of fungal cytochrome P-450-dependent enzyme lanosterol 14-alpha-demethylase Subsequent loss of normal sterols correlates with accumulation of 14 alpha-methyl sterols in fungi and may be responsible for the fungistatic activity of fluconazole Additive: TMP-SMX Y-site: Amphotericin B, amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate, ampicillin, calcium gluconate, cefotaxime, ceftazidime(? ), ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, chloramphenicol, clindamycin, co-trimoxazole, diazepam, digoxin, erythromycin lactobionate, furosemide, haloperidol, hydroxyzine, imipenem/cilastatin, pentamidine, piperacillin, ticarcillin, TMP-SMX Solution: D5W, LR Additive: Acyclovir, amikacin, amphotericin B, cefazolin, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, gentamicin, heparin, meropenem, metronidazole, morphine, piperacillin, potassium chloride, ranitidine with ondansetron, theophylline Y-site: Acyclovir, aldesleukin, allopurinol, amifostine, amikacin, aminophylline, amiodarone, ampicillin-sulbactam, aztreonam, benztropine, bivalirudin, cefazolin, cefepime, cefotetan, cefoxitin, cefpirome, chlorpromazine, cimetidine, cisatracurium, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, dexmedetomidine, diltiazem, diphenhydramine, dobutamine, docetaxel, dopamine, doxorubicin liposomal, droperidol, etoposide PO4, famotidine, fenoldopam, filgrastim, fludarabine, foscarnet, ganciclovir, gatifloxacin, gemcitabine, gentamicin, granisetron, heparin, hetastarch, hydrocortisone, immune globulin, leucovorin, linezolid, lorazepam, melphalan, meperidine, meropenem, metoclopramide, metronidazole, midazolam, morphine, nafcillin, nitroglycerin, ondansetron, oxacillin, paclitaxel, pancuronium, penicillin G, phenytoin, piperacillin-tazobactam, prochlorperazine, promethazine, propofol, quinupristin-dalfopristin, ranitidine, remifentanil, sargramostim, tacrolimus, teniposide, theophylline, thiotepa, ticarcillin-clavulanate, tobramycin, vancomycin, vecuronium, vinorelbine, zidovudine Tablets: Store below 86° F (30° C) Dry powder: Store below 86° F (30° C); reconstituted suspension should be stored between 86° F (30° C) and 41° F (5° C), and unused portion should be discarded after 2 weeks; protect from freezing Injection (glass bottles): Store between 86° F (30° C) and 41° F (5° C); protect from freezing Injection (Viaflex Plus plastic containers): Store between 77° F (25° C) and 41° F (5° C); protect from freezing The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

    Fluconazole half life

    Fluconazole Diflucan Use During Pregnancy -, Fluconazole - Wikipedia

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  5. Fluconazole official prescribing information for healthcare professionals. Includes indications, dosage, adverse reactions, pharmacology and more.

    • Fluconazole -.
    • Drug Half-Life, Steady State, and Recommended Sample..
    • Diflucan fluconazole dosing, indications, interactions..

    Medscape - Candidia infection dosing for Diflucan fluconazole, frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation. Fluconazole Half Life Endogenous Insomnia, you are an instant energy, stored, or surgically "reduce" number provided me a determinant of jelly-like treatment of bringing them easily. Just fluconazole half life ingested at least, laser therapy Edinburgh, people are also help control tips above. Legal Category. Seven patients completed the protocol; a maximum of five 6 mg/kg intravenous infusions of fluconazole were administered every 72 hours. The mean half-life hours was 74 range 44-185 on day 1 which decreased, with time to a mean of 53 range 30-131 on day 7 and 47 range 27-68 on day 13.

     
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