They act by inhibiting sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2). SGLT2 inhibitors are used in the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Apart from blood sugar control, gliflozins have been shown to provide significant cardiovascular benefit in T2DM patients. The gliflozins are used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus but are most often used as second- or third-line agents instead of first-line because there are other medications on the market that have much longer safety record and are less expensive than gliflozins. A recent systematic review and network meta-analysis (comparing SGLT-2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors) demonstrated that use of SGLT2 inhibitors was associated with a 20% reduction in death compared with placebo or no treatment. Genital infections seem to be the most common adverse effect of gliflozins. 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